Quote the phrase or paragraph verbatim from the original between quotation marks, as long as the authority and source are credited through a quote or reference.
First of all, you have to take into account and know which reference style to use (Vancouver, Chicago, APA, Harvard, MLA, ISO 960...). This will determine the way to attribute credit to your sources and not fail in plagiarism according to the Intellectual Property Law.

The Sanitary Science publications can choose the style that you consider. The latter would be valid both for quotes and for images or any material that is added to a work or work.

Paraphrase using the ideas of another person or author, but expressing them in our own words. Although in this case it would also be necessary to prove the authority by means of a citation or bibliographical reference.

In the case of images, don't forget to search for copyright-free images or properly cite or reference each image. If it is not done correctly, the entire work may be identified as plagiarism as reflected in the Intellectual Property Law (brief summary of the most important aspects below).


Any author who uses this website to exhibit their works freely and voluntarily assigns the rights to MAJFM S.L., (hereinafter the editor) the rights of reproduction, transformation, public communication and distribution and sale of the work electronically or in any of the modalities, forms or supports currently legally contemplated. With this assignment, he accepts and agrees to the following obligations and responsibilities:

The author responds to the publisher for the authorship and originality of the work and for the peaceful exercise of the rights he assigns, stating that he has not contracted and will not contract commitments or encumbrances of any kind that violate the rights of the publisher or third parties. correspond to it In this regard, the author is responsible to the publisher for all pecuniary charges that may arise for the publisher in favor of third parties due to actions, claims or conflicts arising from the breach of this clause by the author.
For its part, the editor undertakes to respect the moral rights of the author and to notify him of any infringement thereof that could be carried out by third parties.
In accordance with Royal Legislative Decree 1/1996, of April 12, which approves the revised text of the Intellectual Property Law and Law 23/2006 modifying it, and regardless of the rights of the author , the publisher, as the exclusive assignee of the exploitation rights, may put before its name the symbol © in each and every one of the copies of THE WORK published, in any form or modality, with precision of the place and year of publication of this. Likewise, the editor reserves the right to modify any type of information that may appear in the work, without there being any obligation to notify or inform the author, being understood as sufficient with the publication of the same.
The publisher is empowered to carry out as many acts as are necessary for the registration of the rights to the work in those public registries deemed convenient.
The publisher and the author may prosecute infringements that affect the powers that have been granted by means of this assignment. Consequently, in cases of infringement, they may carry out the judicial and extrajudicial actions they deem appropriate, the author committing to provide his collaboration in such claims.
Taking into account the authors' purpose of publication, the editor is not, in any case, responsible for the non-achievement of the curricular or meritorious objectives pursued by the authors.


What is intellectual property?

Any creation of the human mind will be associated with a right of ownership or possession by its creator that corresponds to intellectual property. This protects the rights of all authors of any work, whether scientific, artistic or literary, and includes industrial property rights, which encompasses patents, trademarks or inventions. It is a right recognized in article 27 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.

This intellectual property gives the creator the power, by moral right, to identify that work as his.

Therefore, intellectual property on the Internet is the right, recognized by law, of a creator in terms of making a decision about his work or about the assignment of rights to it, about the publication and dissemination of his work on network.

types of intellectual property

Matters derived from copyright are currently regulated by a body belonging to the UN, the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO or WIPO in English), whose background is the Treaty of Bern, signed in 1886. The law that applies in Spain derives from the European Directive, which is based on the approaches of that body.

In Spain, copyright is legislated by Royal Decree-Law 12/2017, which modifies the Intellectual Property Law or L.P.I. (Royal Legislative Decree 1/1996, of April 12). According to WIPO, the European Directive and Royal Decree-Law 12/2017, intellectual property is related to mental creations and two categories are recognized to protect them:

industrial property rights

It encompasses creations such as patents, trademarks and industrial designs.


It protects literary and artistic works, defending the rights of an author over his works. The law protects you just for having created, without the need to register the work or go through any process to enjoy your rights, the most significant of which include moral rights. It allows the author to identify the work as his, protects his non-financial interests and is divided into 4 aspects:

The author of a work may decide whether or not it can be disclosed and in what way.

Determine if he wants to be mentioned, use a pseudonym or if he prefers to remain anonymous during the dissemination of the work.

He may demand acknowledgment of authorship from him.

Demand that the integrity of the work be respected, preventing any modification or alteration of it that goes against his interests.